What comes to mind when you hear the word sprinkler? For many the first thing they think of will be the sprinkler systems on lawns but even more frequently the term is associated with the fire prevention systems built in to most buildings. In many cases their inclusion is a legal requirement for a building to be built to code. Sprinklers have been around for hundreds (yes, hundreds) of years and their components have been refined over time to result on the most practical method of fire prevention.
Unlike lawn sprinklers, fire sprinklers are rarely turned on and when they are, only the sprinkler heads near to a blaze are activated so that water is saved and the amount of water damage is kept at a minimum. There will still be damage in office buildings for instance where much of the hardware was not designed to deal with water however hardware is easily replaced and with greater dependence on cloud storage, most data can be easily accessed on new systems to have you up and running in no time flat. Compared to the loss of life and property that can occur in a blaze left unchecked it’s quite a small price to pay. In schools particularly, children should be protected at all costs so the price of the system should be prioritized as a means of ensuring the safety of the next generation.
The type of sprinkler you install will also be directly related to the size of the building in which it will be used. The temperature should also be considered. In places where the temperature is likely to cause the pipes to freeze this is a serious concern as ice blockages can prevent the sprinklers from releasing at the moment when the fire is discovered. This problem can be remedied by using insulation around the piping that helps keep the water liquid. In very extreme circumstances a more costly and complicated alternative may be necessary. This is the dry sprinkler system. Its pipes contain nitrogen or sometimes oxygen which is released before allowing liquid water into the pipes. Foam fire prevention systems may also be considered when highly flammable liquids are involved. The sprinkler heads will release water as with most systems however the water will be mixed with a concentrated foaming agent.
Fire Sprinkler systems can also represent an extremely small portion of the construction costs of a house or other building. Some top of the line fittings can be more costly without providing a similar level of comfort and added safety to the occupants. This puts them in the reach of more domestic users as well and can lead to lower insurance payments per month as their installation may be seen as a means of minimizing the risk of significant fire damage. Any damage that results from the activation of the fire sprinklers is also likely to be minimal. Sprinkler systems in fiction are far more inefficient than reality so that a fire that can set them off is likely to only activate the sprinkler heads that are in its vicinity rather than those throughout the whole building.